To adapt to the extreme climatic conditions in which the alpaca lives, it has developed a wonderful fiber among the rarest and most valuable in the world.
Inkanti, an Italian brand of ethical, artisanal and eco-sustainable fashion, has reinterpreted the ancient art of working with Alpaca fiber in Peru, selecting pure baby alpaca wool for its garments.
The alpaca lives on the highlands of the Andes of Peru and Bolivia, grazing at high altitudes (up to 4800m above sea level) and feeding almost exclusively on wild vegetation. Its thick coat has developed to be able to withstand harsh environments and temperature variations of +/- 20 ° C between day and night.
Unlike other camelids, such as llamas and camels, the alpaca is not used as a pack animal, but exclusively used to grow wool.
The Incas were perfect breeders: they preserved the traditions and culture of alpaca breeding to the present day, passing on the secrets of processing yarns to Peruvian breeders.
This thousand-year-old culture has allowed Peruvian breeders and artisans to hold 80% of the world’s production of alpaca fiber, also classifying Peru as the eighth largest producer and processor of fine fibers in the world (Pima cotton, alpaca, vicuna).
The definition Baby Alpaca does not refer to the fur of the puppy, as one might think, but to the fineness of the wool. Baby alpaca is obtained from the youngest alpacas and from the areas of the adult coat where the hair is thinner.
The finer the fiber, the higher the quality of the wool.
This means that the more the animal is in tune with its environment, the happier they are and consequently the better the quality of the wool. To be happy an alpaca needs large spaces for grazing, where they can move and run freely.
And it is for this reason that Inkanti has chosen to make its garments directly in their homeland, Peru, since only Peruvian knitters know the secret of perfect processing and know how to keep intact the precious qualities of the coat of the animals that as they graze in their native environment.
To have a representative comparison of the fineness of the alpaca fiber, it is possible to compare it with a human hair (which measures from 40 to 90 microns) or with other types of fibers and wool (S.I.A. classification, 2015)
ROYAL ALPACA: <18 microns
SUPER FINE/ BABY ALPACA: 19-20 microns
FINE: 21-25 microns
MEDIUM: 26-30 microns
STRONG: > 31 microns